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When a tooth is missing, the resulting gap will allow nearby teeth to tilt or drift from their normal position, and the teeth above the…
Until recently, dentists used an inexpensive silver and mercury amalgam to fill and seal cavities. Because silver fillings do not bond to a tooth, a…
Teeth are often restored using silver or composite fillings. However, when too much of a tooth's structure is removed to support a filling, a crown…
Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in dental plaque damages the enamel of your teeth, leaving a hole or cavity. Any part of a tooth can…

Listed below are the meaning of terms related to your teeth, dental procedures and technologies.

Loss of tooth structure caused by a hard toothbrush, poor brushing technique, or Bruxism (grinding or clenching the teeth)..

An infection of a tooth, soft tissue or bone.

Tooth or teeth that support a fixed or removable bridge.

Adhesive Dentistry
Contemporary term for dental restorations that involve "bonding" of composite resin or porcelain fillings to natural teeth.

Air Abrasion
Removal of tooth structure by blasting a tooth with air and abrasive, a relatively new technology that may avoid the need for anesthetic.

Unfavorable systemic response to a foreign substance or drug.

Alveolar Bone
The jaw bone that anchors the roots of teeth.

A most common filling material, also known as "silver fillings,"containing mercury (aprox. 50%), silver, tin, copper and zinc used for fillings.

A state of pain relief; an agent lessening pain.

Partial or complete elimination of pain sensation; numbing a tooth is an example of local anesthesia; general anesthesia produces partial or complete unconsciousness.

Anterior Teeth
The six upper or six lower front teeth.

A drug that stops or slows the growth of bacteria.

An acronym for Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis, commonly known as trench mouth or Vincent's disease, aggravated by stress and/or smoking.

The tip of the root of a tooth.

Surgical removal of the root tip to treat a dead tooth.

Describes the alignment of the upper or lower teeth.

Loss of structure due to natural wear.

Cement placed under a dental restoration to insulate the pulp (nerve chamber).

Bicuspid or Pre-Molar
Transitional teeth behind the cuspids.

Bifurcation (Trifurcation):
Juncture of two (three) roots in posterior teeth.

Removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination.

Relationship of the upper and lower teeth on closure (occlusion).

Bite Wings
Caries (decay) detection x-rays.

Black Hairy Tongue
Elongated papillae on the tongue, promoting the growth of microorganisms.

Chemical or laser treatment of natural teeth for whitening effect. A procedure for brightening or whitening stained, dull, or discolored teeth. This can be in-office or dentist-supervised at-home.

Block Injection
Anesthesia of a nerve trunk that covers a large area of the jaw; a mandibular block injection produce numbness of the lower jaw, teeth, half the tongue.

Adhesive dental restoration technique; a tooth-colored composite resin to repair and/or change the color or shape of a tooth. A procedure to adhere tooth-colored resin to the tooth's surface, creating a bond. The composite resin bonding process is where a resin (similar to an enamel) is bonded to a tooth's surface, but then sculpted into shape, hardened, and polished.

Bone Resorption
Decrease in bone supporting the roots of teeth; a common result of periodontal (gum disease).

Devices used by orthodontists to gradually reposition teeth to a more favorable alignment

A fixed or removable dental appliance used to replace missing teeth. stationary dental prosthesis (appliance) fixed to teeth adjacent to a space; replaces one or more missing teeth, cemented or bonded to supporting teeth or implants adjacent to the space.

Grinding or gnashing of the teeth, most commonly while the patient is asleep.

Persistent "nervous" grinding of the teeth while the patient is awake.

chemical element needed for healthy teeth, bones and nerves.

Hard residue, commonly known as "tarter," that forms on teeth due to inadequate plaque control, often stained yellow or brown.

Canker Sore
Mouth sore appearing whitish, often with a red halo, of ten to fourteen day duration.

Cantilever Bridge
Fixed bridge that attaches to adjacent teeth only on one end.

Common term for dental crown.

tooth decay or "cavities".

Cast or Model
Reproduction of structures made by pouring plaster or stone into a mold.

Dental tool that uses high frequency ultrasonic waves to clean teeth.

Soft tissue infection causing extensive, hard swelling, a potentially dangerous condition requiring immediate attention.

Hard tissue that covers the roots of teeth.

Log of dental or medical records.

Device that retains a removable partial denture to stationary teeth.

Removal of plaque and calculus (tarter) from teeth, generally above the gum line.

Composite Resin
Material composed of plastic with small glass or ceramic particles; usually cured with filtered light or chemical catalyst.

Cosmetic (aesthetic) Dentistry
Treatments performed to enhance appearance; not a recognized specialty.

Cosmetic Contouring
A Cosmetic Dentist will sculpt and reshape the natural teeth to make them straighter.

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
Artificial procedures employed by a rescuer after cessation of breathing or heart stoppage.

Cross Bite
Reverse biting relationship of upper and lower teeth; aka "under bite," as in Class III malocclusuion (prognathic jaw).

(1) The portion of a tooth above the gum line. (2) Dental restoration covering all or most of the natural tooth. Crowns are caps, covers, or restorations to replace the missing portion of a tooth. Sometimes used to correct bite problems or to replace missing teeth.

Removal of diseased tissue from a periodintal pocket.

Mound on posterior teeth.

Cuspid or Canine
The four "eye teeth".

A soft or hard tissue sac, hard or filled with fluid.

Doctor of Dental Surgery - equivalent to DMD.

Doctor of Medical Dentistry - equivalent to DDS.

Destruction of tooth structure caused by toxins produced by bacteria.

Deciduous Teeth
Commonly called "baby teeth," the first set of (usually) twenty teeth.

Inner layer of tooth structure, immediately under the surface enamel.

Dental Implant
A (usually) titanium cylinder surgically placed in the bone of the upper or lower jaw to provide support for a dental restoration or appliance.

The arrangement of natural or artificial teeth in the mouth.

Removable (partial or complete) set of artificial teeth.

The production of dentures dispensed directly by laboratory technicians.

The name for a space between two teeth.

Durable, hard, white outer layer of the tooth that covers and protects the dentin, the layer just beneath it. The hard tissue covering the portion of tooth above the gum line.

Specialist who treats injuries, diseases and infections of the tooth pulp (nerve chamber).

Study of the incidence of disease in a population.

Process of teeth protruding through the gums.

Process of shedding deciduous (baby) teeth.

Practice of dental extractions.

Sharp instrument used to detect decay on the surface of teeth.

Removal of a tooth.

The four upper and lower canine (cuspid) teeth.

Tooth colored overlay on the visible portion of a crown; may be acrylic, composite or porcelain.

Fellowship Academy of General Dentistry.

Restoration of lost tooth structure with metal, porcelain or resin materials.

Channel emanating pus from an infection site; a gum boil.

Fixed Bridge
For replacing a missing tooth, a fixed bridge is bonded to adjacent teeth which have been prepared to provide anchor supports.

Flap Surgery
Lifting of gum tissue to expose and clean underlying tooth and bone structures.

Freeway Space
Distance between the upper and lower teeth with the lower jaw in rest position.

Instrument used for removal of teeth.

Forensic Dentistry
Practice of gathering legal evidence for body identification or judicial issues.

Valley found on the sutrpface of posterior teeth.

Full Denture
Removable dental prosthesis (appliance) replacing all upper or lower teeth.

Full Mouth Reconstruction
Extensive restorations of natural teeth with crowns and or fixed bridges to manage bite problems.

Removal or reshaping of thin muscle tissue that attaches the upper or lower lips to the gum, or the tongue to the floor of the mouth.

(guided tissue regeneration) A new technique for replacing bone tissue.

General Anesthesia
Controlled state of unconsciousness, accompanied by a partial or complete loss of pain sensation, protective reflexes, and the ability to respond purposefully to physical stimulation or verbal command.

Geographic Tongue
Benign changes in the usual color and texture of tongue; does not require treatment.

The gum tissue.

Surgical removal of gum tissue.

Inflammation of gum tissue.

Gum Boil
See fistula.

Gum Recession
Exposure of dental roots due to shrinkage of the gums as a result of abrasion, periodontal disease or surgery.

Bad breath of oral or gastrointestinal origin.

Heimlich Maneuver
Techinque employed by rescuer for obstruction of victim's airway.

Swelling of effused blood beneath tissue surface.

High Lipline
A High Lipline is when the widest smile meets the gum tissue above the teeth.

Health (dental) Maintenance Organization which specifies a health care (dental) provider a patient may see. Profitability depends on minimization of treatment.

Hydrogen Peroxide
Disinfecting solution used in dental irrigation procedures or as mouth rinse.

Dental auxiliary who cleans teeth and provides patient education; administers local anesthetic, nitrous oxide and performs periodontal scaling.

Increased blood flow; may cause dental sensitivity to temperature and sweets; may precede an abscess.

Partial or completely unexposed tooth that is wedged against another tooth, bone, or soft tissue, precluding the eruption process.

A fixed dental appliance used for the replacement of a tooth. An artificial device replacing tooth root; may anchor an artificial tooth, bridge, or denture.

Mold made of the teeth and soft tissues.

Incision and Drainage
Surgical incision of an abscess to drain suppuration (pus).

Four upper and four lower front teeth, excluding the cuspids (canine teeth).

Local anesthetic procedure effective for upper teeth and soft tissue; placement of anesthetic under the gum, allowing it to seep into bone.

A porcelain or resin filling bonded in place to restore a decayed or broken tooth. indirect - filling made by a dental laboratory that is cemented or bonded into place, direct - placement of dental composite resin restoration at chairside.

Surfaces of adjoining teeth.

Space between upper and lower teeth.

Intraoral Camera
a smal video camera used to view and magnify oral conditions; images may be printed.

Crown for a front tooth, usually made of porcelain.

Thin plastic or porcelain veneer produced in a dental laboratory and then bonded to a tooth.

Laminate Veneer
A very thin porcelain resin shell bonded to the enamel of your front teeth.

A procedure for the application of a thin porcelain or composite resin veneer to a tooth.

Laughing Gas
Nitrous oxide; odorless inhalation agent that produces relative analgesic (sedation); reduces anxiety and creates a state of relaxation.

Injury of bodily tissue due to infection, trauma or neoplasm.

Local Anesthesia
Partial or complete elimination of pain sensation, in the immediate vicinity of its application or injection.

Low Lipline
A Low Lipline is when the widest smile hardly reveals the bottom edges of your upper front teeth.

A "bad bite" problem caused by incorrect positions or misalignment of the upper and lower teeth.

Managed Care
Program whereby patient-dentist assignment and dentist reimbursement is administered by a separate, external organization.

The lower jaw.

Interface between a restoration and tooth structure.

Masters Academy of General Dentistry.

Maryland Bridge
a bridge that is bonded to the back of the adjacent teeth; requires minimum tooth reduction

Process of chewing food.

The upper jaw.

Capsular cushion between temporomandibluar joint and glenoid fossa.

Milk Teeth
Deciduous (baby) teeth.

Three back teeth in each dental quadrant used for grinding food.

Moniliasis (thrush)
Opportunistic fungal infection after administration of antibiotic; not uncommon in the mouth.

Mucogingival Junction (MGJ)
Meeting of thick, protective gingival tissue around the teeth and the friable mucous lining of the cheeks and lips.

Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, often used as a dental analgesic.

Tissue that conveys sensation, temperature, position information to the brain.

Nerve (root) Canal
Dental pulp; the internal chamber of a tooth.

Night Guard
Acrylic appliance used to prevent wear and temporomandibular damage caused by grinding or gnashing of the teeth during sleep.

Nitrous Oxide
A gas used to reduce patient anxiety.

Older brand name for a local anesthetic, currently replaced by safer, more effective agents.

Closure; relationship of the upper and lower teeth upon closure.

A porcelain or resin filling that protects a tooth by covering only the chewing surface. A laboratory produced restoration covering one or more cusps of a tooth.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon
A dental specialist who manages the diagnosis & surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and deformities of the mouth and supporting structures; Requires four additional years of training after dental school.

Oral Cavity
The Mouth.

Oral Hygiene
Process of maintaining cleanliness of the teeth and related structures.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Surgical procedures on the mouth including extractions, removal of cysts or tumors, and repair of fractured jaws.

Oral Pathologist
Dentist specializing in the study of oral diseases.

Dental specialty that treats misalignment of teeth.


Vertical overlap of the front teeth.

Denture that fits over residual roots or dental implants.

Horozontal overlap of the front teeth.

Hard and soft tissue forming the roof of the mouth.

Palliative Treatment
Non invasive relief of irritating conditions.

A partial loss of sensation; may be temporary or permanent.

Partial Denture
Fixed or removable dental prosthesis (appliance or bridge) replacing one or more natural teeth.

Study of disease.

Periapical (PA)
Region at the end of the roots of teeth.

Periodontal Surgery
Recontouring or esthetic management of diseased gum and supporting tissue.

Dental specialist treating the gums and supporting soft and hard tissues retaining natural teeth and the surgical placement of dental implants.

Pedodontics or Pediatric Dentistry
Dental specialty focusing on treatment of children.

Periodontal Chart
Record measuring the depth of gum pockets around the teeth.

Permanent Teeth
(usually) Thirty-two adult teeth in a complete dentition.

A small defect in the tooth enamel; junction of four formative lobes of a developing tooth.

Inert medication or treatment that produces psychological benefit.

Soft sticky substance that accumulates on teeth; composed of bacteria and food debris due to inadequate dental hygiene.

Replacement tooth mounted on a fixed or removal appliance.

A ceramic, tooth-colored material that fuses at high temperatures to form an enamel-like substance which is very hard and durable.

Porcelain Crown
All porcelain restoration covering the coronal portion of tooth (above the gum line).

Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM) Crown
Restoration with metal coping (for strength) covered by porcelain (for appearance).

Porcelain Inlay or Onlay
Tooth-colored restoration made of porcelain, cemented or bonded in place.

Porcelain Veneers
A thin layer of porcelain, fabricated by a laboratory) bonded to a natural tooth to replace lost tooth structure, close spaces, straighten teeth or change color and/or shape.

Thin metal rod inserted into the root of a tooth after root canal therapy; provides retention for a "coping" that replaces lost tooth structure and retains crown.

Post and buildup to replace lost tooth structure and retain crown.

Single structure that combines post-core and crown.

Posterior-Bonded Composite Resin
A special tooth-colored filling material just for back teeth.

Preferred Provider (Dental) Organization which a health care (dental) provider may join, offering fee for service treatment at reduced fees.

The anticipated outcome of treatment.

Cleaning of the teeth for the prevention of periodontal disease and tooth decay.

An artificial appliance for the replacement for a body part.

Dental specialist skilled in restoring or replacing teeth with fixed or removable prosthesis (appliance), maintaining proper occlusion; treats facial deformities with artificial prostheses such as eyes, ears, and noses.

The nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue inside a tooth.

Pulp Cap
A medicated covering over a small area of exposed pulp tissue.

Pulp Chamber
The center or innermost portion of the tooth containing the pulp.

Complete removal of the pulp (commonly done in children's teeth).

Inflammation of the pulp; common cause of toothache.

Partial removal of the pulp tissue.

Older term for periodontal (gum) disease.

Insertion and temporary fixation of partially or completely avulsed tooth or teeth, resulting from traumatic injury.

Acrylic restoration of denture base to compensate for bone loss; direct: done at chairside; indirect: in conjunction with a dental laboratory.

Resin-Bonded Bridge
A metal or glass fiber-reinforced bridge requiring a minimal change to anchor teeth.

Replacement of portion of a damaged tooth.

Retained Root
Partial root structure remaining in jaw after extraction or fracture of a natural tooth.

Tooth structure that connects the tooth to the jaw.

Root Canal
Common term for root canal therapy, also the interior space of the tooth root. A Root Canal procedure must be performed when the pulp within a tooth dies or becomes infected. The pulp is comprised of the tooth's nerve and blood supply, and other soft tissues. Unfortunately, an infection in the pulp chamber or root canal will not heal, it will only progress, destroying the pulp.

Root Canal Therapy
Process of removing pulp of a tooth and filling it with an inert material.

Root Resection
Removal of a portion of diseased root structure, retaining the remaining natural tooth.

Rubber Dam
Soft latex sheet used to establish isolation of one or more teeth from contamination by oral fluids and to keep materials from falling to the back of the throat.

Clear lubricating fluid in the mouth containing water, enzymes, bacteria, mucus, viruses, blood cells and undigested food particles.

Saliva Ejector
Suction tube placed in the mouth to remove saliva.

Salivary Glands
Located under tongue and in cheeks, produce saliva.

Scaling and Root Planing
Meticulous removal of plaque and calculus from tooth surfaces.

Thin resin material bonded in the pits and fissures of back teeth for the prevention of decay. Sealants are used almost exclusively on the biting surfaces of posterior, or back, teeth. These areas are especially vulnerable to cavities because these teeth see the bulk of chewing duty, and their surfaces are so irregular. They are usually covered with pits, fissures, indentations, and small cracks which tend to retain food and conceal plaque deposits.

Secondary Dentin
Reparative tooth structure produced by the pulp in response to tooth irritation.

Loosened spicule of bone pushed to the surface.

Infammation of the sinus that may mimc dental pain.

Sleep Apnea
The periodic interruption or delay in breathing during sleep.

Space Maintainer
Dental device that holds the space lost through premature loss of baby teeth.

Connection of two or more teeth so they function as a stronger single structure.

Supernumerary Tooth
Extra tooth.

Bacterial contamination of tissue exudate; pus.

Common term for dental calculus, a hard deposit that adheres to teeth; produces rough surface that attracts plaque.

TMD (or TMJ disorder)
Temperomandibular Disorder; term given to condition characterized by facial pain and restricted ability to open or move the jaw.

The Temporomandibular Joint, the point where the lower jaw attaches to the skull.

Third-party Provider
Insurance company, union, government agency that pays all or a part of cost of dental treatment.

Tooth Bud
Early embryonic structure that becomes a tooth.

Tooth Whitening
A chemical or laser process to lighten the color of teeth.

Topical Anesthetic
ointment that produces mild anesthesia when applied to tissue surface.

Common bony protuberance on the palate or lower jaw.

Placing a natural tooth in the empty socket of another tooth.

Injury caused by external force, chemical, temperature extremes, or poor tooth alignment.

Trench Mouth
Gum disease characterized by severe mouth sores and loss of tissue. See ANUG.

Usual, Customary and Reasonable fees.

Unerupted Tooth
A tooth that has not pushed through the gum and assumed its correct position in the dental arch.

Plastic or porcelain facing bonded directly to a tooth to improve its appearance. Porcelain or composite very-thin, special laminates bonded to teeth. Typically, Veneers are used for repairing chipped, cracked, or worn teeth. See laminate.

Vertical Dimension
Arbitrary space between upper and lower jaws upon closure; may decrease over time due to wear, shifting or damage to the teeth.

Walking Bleach
A procedure to lighten a tooth that has darkened after a root canal treatment.

Wisdom Teeth
Third (last) molars that usually erupt at age 18-25 (when "wisdom is attained").

Dry mouth or decrease in the production of saliva.

X-rays are used to reveal problems that cannot be observed visually, or through any other means. They are an absolutely necessary part of regular dental checkups, and time has shown their use to be very safe. There are three types of dental x-rays: bitewing, complete series, and panographic.

Periodontal disease is a condition where infection occurs due to an accumulation of bacteria, tartar and stain on a person's teeth. This infection results in…
Porcelain veneers are often used for the same reasons as bonding; to lighten stains, close gaps and even alter crooked or malformed teeth. You can…
Fluoride acts to make teeth more resistant to decay. In children, this is important for the development of their adult teeth. In adults, Fluoride strengthens…
The loss of just a single tooth can set a course that can destroy an entire mouth. Teeth will drift and tip into a space…
The radiation exposure from dental x-rays is much less than the exposure you would get from a chest x-rays taken by your physician. In fact,…

Evergreen Dental, SC - Appleton, WI

Evergreen Dental, SC

2310 E Evergreen Dr
Suite A
Appleton, WI 54913 View Map

(920) 734-0601

Office Hours

Mon - Thurs: 8am to 5pm
Fri: Closed

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